20 July 2012

Part 1: The basics of HTML5(part 1)

You've never heard of HTML, or only very loosely?
Do not panic, the explanations come from the first chapter ... practice follows right after!

We begin by presenting how websites work, then we will download all programs (free) to work well.
At the end of this section, you will know already how to insert text, links and images!

Chapter 1

The operation of websites

How do websites work?

No, do not be afraid to ask questions even if you think they are "beasts". It is very important that we talked a little before we get fully into the site design!

I'm sure you check websites daily. To do this, you run a program called the web browser by clicking one of the icons shown in the following figure.

Les icônes des navigateurs web les plus répandus
most common web browsers

With the browser, you can visit any website. Here for example a browser displaying the famous website Wikipedia (following figure).

the website wikipedia

I'm sure you have the habit of using a web browser! Today, everyone knows to go on the Web ... but who really knows how the Web works? How to create websites like this?

I have heard of HTML, CSS, does this have to do with how a website works?


These are computer languages ​​that allow you to create websites. All websites are based on these languages, they are unavoidable and universal today. They are the foundation of the Web. HTML was invented by a certain Tim Berners-Lee in 1991 ...

Tim Berners-Lee still follows closely the evolution of the Web. He created the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) that defines the new versions of Web-related languages. He also created more recently the World Wide Web Foundation, which analyzes and tracks the Web.

Many people confuse (wrongly) Internet and the Web. You should know that the Web is part of the Internet.
Internet is a great package that includes, among others: the Web, emails, instant messaging, etc..
Tim Berners-Lee is not the inventor of the Internet, he's "only" the inventor of the web.

HTML and CSS are the basis of the functioning of all websites. When you visit a site with your browser, you must know that, behind the scenes, the wheels are activated to allow the website to be displayed. The computer is based on what he said in HTML and CSS to know what to display.

HTML and CSS are two "languages" need to know to talk about making websites. This is the web browser that will make the translation between programming languages ​​and what you will see on the screen.

You're probably wondering why you need to know two languages ​​to create websites? I answer you without in the next post


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